The latest edition of Peiper's historical review of pediatrics presents an amazing wealth of material. Fortunately it is not restricted to the diseases of children but contains many facts about the life of children throughout recorded history.
History proves again to be a yardstick of progress. The reader of this book—he has to be able to read German—will see the various reasons why our children live today a much better and healthier life than yesterday. It is pointed out how well the parents, the physician, and, not least, the law have learned to protect a child. Ignorance, superstition, and lack of good will were responsible for a very high childhood mortality, which began to decline just in the past 100 years.
On the other hand, the author has demonstrated that loving parents as long ago as 4,000 years B. C. were concerned with the general welfare of their children as