Article |

Congenital Defect of the Bony Orbit and Pulsating Exophthalmos

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1956;92(2):138-146. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1956.02060030132005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Defects of the bony orbit are rare in childhood; therefore, when they are encountered in association with clinical signs and symptoms or as an incidental observation, various diagnostic possibilities arise. This consideration is not given to certain specific entities capable of being suspected on clinical grounds. Experiences with two instances of this rare anomaly have prompted us to report the problems presented and their management.

The embryology and anatomy of the orbit are available in standard textbooks * and will not be discussed here. However, it is proper to note that both membranous bone and cartilaginous bone enter into the formation of the orbit, and that several natural apertures provide communication with the cranial cavity.

Report of Cases  Case 1.—A white boy was born on April 5, 1944. He was the first child of young healthy parents. The pregnancy and delivery were not unusual; no disease during pregnancy was recorded. No


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.