It is the purpose of this communication to bring to the attention of all concerned with the newborn infant a benign condition of his pharynx the recognition of which is important, since it may mimic potentially serious bacterial or viral infections.
Our attention was first directed to this condition on Sept. 15, 1954, when an infant in the newborn nursery at the North Shore Hospital was found, during a routine physical examination on the third day of life, to have an unusual looking pharynx. It was described by his pediatrician, Dr. Charles Leslie, as consisting of "four to five whitish-yellow papulovesicles on the tonsillar pillars and soft palate, typical of herpangina seen in older children." Although the child did not present any unusual symptoms, he was isolated and his throat cultured. The throats of all the other infants in the two nurseries in use at the time were examined and