CALCIFICATION of the arteries in infancy and childhood is not an uncommon entity. Approximately 50 cases have been reported. This condition differs from adult arteriosclerosis in that the primary arterial change is calcium deposition on the internal elastic lamina. In arterial diseases of adults calcification is a secondary finding and occurs in the media and atheromatous calcification follows the intimal changes.
We are reporting a case of arterial calcification with myocardial infarction in an 8-week-old infant.
REPORT OF A CASE
J. W., an 8-week-old girl, was admitted to the hospital on Sept. 22, 1954. This infant had been ill approximately 40 hours with "vomiting and a cough." She was seen by the family physician, who prescribed oral oxytetracycline drops and administered penicillin intramuscularly. Because of the patient's failure to respond to therapy, an x-ray film of the chest was taken on Sept. 22, 1954, at another hospital, which showed "congestion