Five years ago Ciba, international pharmaceutical manufacturers, established in London a foundation having as its basic purpose the provision of a meeting place where scientists from all over the world could exchange ideas. In this spirit 35 eminent European and American researchers in the fields of the kidney and electrolyte metabolism met in July, 1953. This volume is a complete record of that meeting.
The symposium is concerned with five general topics. These are listed below along with a few of the very many points of interest.
Structural and functional relationships in the kidney. The demonstration that the osmolarity of the contents of adjacent tubules and blood vessels is the same and that this osmolarity is normal in the cortex and high in the medulla of a kidney excreting a hypertonic urine forms the basis of a theoretical "hair-pin counter-current system" and provides one of the most interesting and