Article |

Anatoxins and Anatoxic Immunizations—Diphtheria and Tetanus Immunizations: Results of Thirty Years' Application in the World.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1955;89(6):770. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1955.02050110910028.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This booklet is a review of the development of the anatoxins of diphtheria and tetanus by their discoverer, G. Ramon. It is these anatoxins, now called toxoids, that are used throughout the world today. Their use has practically eliminated diphtheria and tetanus in immunized peoples.

The author begins his review with the discovery of diphtheria toxin by Emile Roux, in 1888, and proceeds through the development of diphtheria antitoxin and the toxin-antitoxin mixture. His own work on diphtheria and tetanus toxoids is summarized, as well as the effects of immunization with these products on the morbidity and mortality of diphtheria and tetanus since their use in 1923. It is a short factual history.

The material comprising this booklet was given before the sixth International Congress for Microbiology, Rome (Sept. 6 to 12, 1953) by G. Ramon. It was dedicated to the memory of Emile Roux, in commemoration of the hundredth


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.