MUCH HAS been written about the pros and cons of positive pressure in infant resuscitation. The present paper presents a new approach to the problem through the use of accurately controlled intermittent positive pressure. Simplicity and availability are emphasized in the development of an infant resuscitator which can safely achieve expansion of the atelectatic lung of the newborn, while supplying adequate oxygenation. It is but a step further to combine intermittent positive pressure with aerosol therapy in the treatment of other neonatal respiratory complications and in the treatment of asthma and chronic pulmonary conditions in older children.
I. Infant Resuscitation A. The Problem of Infant Resuscitation 1. Infant Mortality
Modern medicine in increasing the longevity of mankind has decreased the infant mortality rate by approximately two-thirds during the 33-year period from 1915 to 1948 (32.0 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1950). The largest decline occurred in the second half