Dr. Frank Fremont-Smith opened the conference with an outline of the purpose, the organization, and the method of conducting the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation conference program.
The first discussion, led by Dr. Sibylle Escalona, deals with the "Emotional Development in the First Year of Life." These psychoanalytic observations on infant behavior can best be described in the author's own words as a "peculiar conglomeration of impressions, thoughts and fantasies." Descriptions of nursing, crying and sleeping, reactions of infants to mother and strangers, reaction to injections, etc. are given in detail with theoretical interpretations. Discussion takes place as to whether certain mother-child relationships should be described as resonance, contagion, or communication. Onset of anxiety is thought to begin between the fourth and eighth month. Two case histories are presented for comparison to demonstrate individual variations in emotional growth and development.
The second presentation is entitled "A Brief Review of W. H.