More than half of the 21 articles in this interesting volume are of great value to the practising pediatrician. Especially noteworthy are the following:
Anna Freud—"The Role of Bodily Illness in the Mental Life of Children."
Else Pappenheim and Mary Sweeney—"Separation Anxiety in Mother and Child." This report deals with the treatment of a 4-year-old child who was not ready for nursery school placement.
Lucie Jessner, Gaston E. Blom, and Samuel Waldfogel—"Emotional Implications of Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy on Children." This article recounts the observations on 143 children. It is interesting that in 80% the focus of anxiety in children below 4 years of age is the hospital itself, while the operation, injection, and anesthesia are the main problem in only 20% of cases. Interesting also is the observation that for some children under 4 years of age the effect of an overnight stay in the hospital preceding the operation was