This book is dedicated to Professor Louis Ombredanne, who was one of the first to propose research into the etiology of tibial torsion; and to Professor Le Damany, who carried out many of the studies reported in this book.
Tibial torsion is distinctly different from tibial rotation. The condition which has been studied and described in this small book has been considered from the standpoint of etiology, anatomical findings, clinical considerations, and treatment. Tibial torsion may be produced by imbalance of the muscles which control the movements of the foot in inversion or eversion. It is always present in uncorrected congenital talipes equinovarus, and may be the result of longstanding paralysis from poliomyelitis or cerebrospastic inversion or eversion of the foot. Perhaps the most common cause of tibial torsion is contracture and shortening of the iliotibial band following poliomyelitis. Other conditions mentioned, but rarely observed today on the North American