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AMA Am J Dis Child. 1953;85(4):444-450. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1953.02050070458003.
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THIS STUDY covers the incidence of measles encephalomyelitis in the city of Milwaukee over a 25-year period from 1927 to 1951 and incorporates the cases included in previous reports.1 No attempt will be made to review the literature on measles encephalomyelitis, but we should like to call attention to various reports in the past few years which cover a significant number of cases. In 1949, Appelbaum, Dolgopol, and Dolgin2 reported 74 cases, and in the same year Sawchuk, LaBoccetta, Tornay, Silverstein, and Peale reported 50 cases.3 In 1950 Spragins, Shinners, and Rochester reported 31 additional cases.4

Numerous theories as to the cause of encephalomyelitis following rubeola have been advanced. Shaffer, Rake, and Hodes have suggested that this disease is due to the virus of measles.5 Greenfield originated the theory that the measles virus activates another virus that is dormant in the patient and is responsible


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