IT WAS pointed out by Barenberg 1 that the physicians of the nineteenth century regarded thrombosis of the renal veins as a common occurrence in young infants. For several decades of the present century, however, little attention was paid to this condition. In 1941 Barenberg and his associates reported five cases discovered among 25 autopsies of infants with epidemic diarrhea of the newborn.
More recently Morrison reported briefly the summaries of 18 cases.2 Another series of four cases was reported by Fallon.3 Her series included a patient in whom the diagnosis of bilateral thrombosis of renal veins was made on clinical grounds and who survived, although at the end of a three month follow-up period the blood urea nitrogen level was still elevated. Campbell and Mathews,4 and Sandblom5 each reported what appear to be the only successful cases of surgical removal of the infarcted kidney in