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The Pediatric Forum |

Historical Trends in Low Birth Weight

Jeffrey P. Brosco, MD, PhD; Lee M. Sanders, MD, MPH; Ghislaine Guez, BA; John D. Lantos, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;164(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.255.
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Scholars have noted that the premature birth rate has risen steadily in the United States during the past 25 years and have used this fact to try to understand the cause of premature birth.1 As part of an on-going epidemiologic review of the history of the etiology of intellectual disability, we examined trends in low-birth-weight births in the United States during the last 5 decades.

Behrman  RedStith Butler  Aed Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention.  Washington, DC National Academies Press2007;
Brosco  JPMattingly  MSanders  LM Impact of specific medical interventions on reducing the prevalence of mental retardation. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2006;160 (3) 302- 309
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archpedi.160.3.302]]
Chase  HByrnes  M Trends in “prematurity” United States: 1950-1968. Vital Health Stat. 1972;3 (15)
National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Statistics of the United States, Volume I: Natality.  Atlanta, GA US Government Printing Office1968-1989;
National Vital Statistics Center, Gestation and Birth Weight Tables: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1990-2005 
MacDorman  MFMartin  JAMathews  TJHoyert  DLVentura  SJ Explaining the 2001-02 infant mortality increase: data from the linked birth/infant death data set. Natl Vital Stat Rep 2005;53 (12) 1- 22
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Incidence of low birth weight: 1950 to 2005.

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