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The Pediatric Forum |

Changes in Cigarette and Illicit Drug Use Among US Teenagers

Marsha F. Lopez, PhD, MHS; Wilson M. Compton, MD, MPE; Nora D. Volkow, MD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(9):869-870. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.156.
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Tobacco has been the most typical first drug used by youth in the United States, and rates of its use generally have been much higher than rates of illicit substances among youth. While tobacco use remains a major public health problem, dramatic strides have been made in the past 10 years in reducing the prevalence of use, particularly among teenagers

Johnston  LDO’Malley  PMBachman  JGSchulenberg  JE Various stimulant drugs show continuing gradual declines among teens in 2008, most illicit drugs hold steady [news release].  Ann Arbor, MI University of Michigan News Service December11 2008;http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/08drugpr.pdf. Accessed January 31, 2009
 US high school seniors now as likely to be smoking cigarettes as marijuana. CESAR Fax. 2009;18 (2) http://www.cesar.umd.edu/cesar/cesarfax.asp. Accessed June 18, 2009
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies, Results From the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings [NSDUH Series H-34, DHHS publication No. SMA 08-4343].  Rockville, MD Department of Health and Human Services2008;
Eaton  DKKann  LKinchen  S  et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Youth risk behavior surveillance: United States, 2007. MMWR Surveill Summ 2008;57 (4) 1- 131
Ellickson  PLMartino  SCCollins  RL Marijuana use from adolescence to young adulthood: multiple developmental trajectories and their associated outcomes. Health Psychol 2004;23 (3) 299- 307
PubMed Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1037/0278-6133.23.3.299]]
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Cigarette and illicit drug use in the past month among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in the US Monitoring the Future Study. The circles and arrows highlight crossovers, where illicit drug use exceeded cigarette use.

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