Imagine a disease that kills nearly 200 000 children and adolescents around the world each year, and for which even the most advanced high tech medical care is nearly ineffective in preventing mortality. Imagine this disease having a 50% case-fatality ratio. Imagine this disease affecting children in high-income developed countries as well as in the developing world. The attention such a disease would get from the World Health Organization, the National Institutes of Health, and others is likely to be great. Now imagine that we could prevent most of those deaths with an intervention available now in most communities in the world.
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