Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common mental health disorder in the pediatric population; as many as 50% of children with ADHD are reported to have sleep problems.
In this study of 239 children with ADHD, sleep problems were reported in 73.3%, nearly two-thirds of which were reported as severe. Sleep problems were associated with a lower physical quality of life in these children with ADHD, poorer school attendance, and lower daily functioning. In addition, parents of children with sleep problems were more likely to report being stressed, depressed, or anxious.
Implementation of a sleep intervention in children with ADHD could feasibly improve outcomes beyond that for treatment of ADHD alone.