0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Review |

Myeloid Colony-Stimulating Factors Use in the Newborn

Con Sreenan, MB, MRCP; Horacio Osiovich, MD, FRCPC
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999;153(9):984-988. doi:10.1001/archpedi.153.9.984.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Bacterial and fungal sepsis are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the newborn. Multiple factors contribute to this increased susceptibility to infection, including quantitative and qualitative neutrophil defects, with a reduction in neutrophil number and function. Neutropenia in the newborn may occur in association with sepsis and has a poor prognosis. In addition to antibiotic therapy and supportive care, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) have been used to reduce morbidity and mortality. Granulocyte CSF is the physiological regulator of neutrophil production and function. Administration of G-CSF results in increased neutrophil production and counts and improved neutrophil function. Several studies of animal and human newborns having neutropenia or suspected sepsis investigated the use of G-CSF and GM-CSF to elevate neutrophil counts and reduce morbidity and mortality in this population. Results of small clinical trials using G-CSF and GM-CSF in very low-birth-weight infants having neutropenia show increased neutrophil counts and a reduced incidence of sepsis during the neonatal period. Despite these promising early results, further studies of the safety and efficacy of G-CSF and GM-CSF administration in neonates are required before their routine use can be recommended as either prophylaxis or treatment for neonatal sepsis.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

297 Views
8 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles
Jobs
×
brightcove.createExperiences();