We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page |

Newborn Screening FREE

Megan A. Moreno, MD, MSEd, MPH
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(6):628. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2519.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Newborn screening refers to the process of taking a blood sample from a newborn baby and testing the sample to identify specific illnesses or conditions.

The illnesses that are tested for in newborn screening are genetic, metabolic, or endocrine disorders. The specific conditions included in a newborn screening test are typically illnesses that are serious and rare and may not have symptoms right away. The purpose of testing is to identify these illnesses early before the baby develops symptoms and becomes sick and to treat the disease so that the baby remains healthy.

The blood sample for newborn screening is taken from the baby’s heel. The baby’s heel is poked to draw out a few drops of blood, which are then put onto a card. Because only a few drops of blood are involved, this is sometimes called bloodspot screening. The test is usually done twice, once before the baby leaves the hospital after being born and then a second time in your baby’s physician’s office in the first 2 weeks of life.

Newborn screening includes more than 30 illnesses and conditions; different states test for different illnesses. Each year, almost all of the 4 million babies born in the United States experience newborn screening. Of these babies who undergo screening, about 4000 will test positive for a condition. Parents and the baby’s physician are notified about the test results if they are positive.

Parents are valuable partners in newborn screening efforts, and education about newborn screening is important for parents. Most parents are provided information about newborn screening after their baby is born. An article in this issue of JAMA Pediatrics describes a research study that was conducted to test an earlier education program for parents about newborn screening. In the research study, parents were provided education about newborn screening during pregnancy. The study results showed that parents who had been provided with education about newborn screening were more knowledgeable, more satisfied with the newborn screening process, and more supportive of the process compared with parents who did not have this education. This study shows that newborn screening education is helpful for parents and valuable to have during pregnancy. Parents should feel comfortable asking their pediatrician, family physician, or OB/GYN about newborn screening.


The JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page is a public service of JAMA Pediatrics. The information and recommendations appearing on this page are appropriate in most instances, but they are not a substitute for medical diagnosis. For specific information concerning your child’s medical condition, JAMA Pediatrics suggests that you consult your child’s physician. This page may be photocopied noncommercially by physicians and other health care professionals to share with patients. To purchase bulk reprints, call 312/464-0776.




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...
Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles