We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Research Letter |

Changes in Academic Demands and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Young Children

Jeffrey P. Brosco, MD, PhD1; Anna Bona, BS2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Mailman Center for Child Development, University of Miami, Miami, Florida
2University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(4):396-397. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4132.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This study investigated whether changes in academic demands since the 1970s have contributed to the rise in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among young children in the United States.

The prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children in the United States has doubled since the 1970s.1 Possible reasons include changes in diagnostic criteria and epidemiological methods, shifts in national policy regarding disability and special education, marketing of ADHD medications by the pharmaceutical industry, and secular trends such as the effect of electronic media.

Figures in this Article

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview


Place holder to copy figure label and caption
Figure 1.
Time Spent Studying per Week

Derived from data in the report by Hofferth and Sandberg.3

Graphic Jump Location
Place holder to copy figure label and caption
Figure 2.
Enrollment in Preprimary Programs

Derived from data from the National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education.6

Graphic Jump Location




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles