Evaluation for kidney stones often includes taking a detailed history about what the child drinks during the day and how much he or she drinks, what medications or supplements the child takes, and asking about a family history of kidney stones. The physical examination will typically include assessing blood pressure and your child’s growth. Typically, a urinalysis is done to examine whether blood or signs of infection are present in the urine. Sometimes an imaging study is done, such as radiography or ultrasonography, to locate the stone. In some cases, additional tests are done to see if there are other conditions present such as a urinary tract abnormality or a metabolic condition that contributed to the kidney stone.