We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Viewpoint |

Promoting Informed Decision Making for Comparative Effectiveness Randomized Trials

Elliott M. Weiss, MD1,2; Steven Joffe, MD, MPH2,4
[+] Author Affiliations
1Division of Neonatology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
2Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia
4Division of Oncology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(9):803-804. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0906.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This Viewpoint proposes that disclosures in comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trials should provide patients with appropriate information, including about risks, that are necessary to decide whether to join the trial, request a study treatment outside the trial, or select another available treatment.

The US Code of Federal Regulations governing human participants research requires that investigators disclose reasonably foreseeable risks of a research study to prospective participants during the informed consent process. Although this mandate appears straightforward, controversy surrounds how investigators should define and describe risks of comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trials (CE-RCTs) that compare treatments within accepted standards of care. The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) has published draft guidance prompted by the controversy of the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Pulse Oximetry (SUPPORT) trial of oxygenation targets in premature infants to address this question. The draft guidance concludes that “if a research study examining standards of care includes as a purpose evaluating identified risks associated with those standards of care, the identified risks associated with the standards of care being evaluated that are different from the risks of standards of care at least some of the subjects would be exposed to outside of the research study are generally considered…to be reasonably foreseeable risks of research.”1

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

1 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles