Accepted for Publication: March 3, 2015.
Published Online: May 4, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0612.
Study concept and design: Farnham, Zimmerman, Konty, Rosen.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Farnham, Papadouka, Konty, Zucker, Nattanmai, Jose, Rosen.
Drafting of the manuscript: Farnham, Konty, Nattanmai, Jose, Rosen.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Farnham, Zimmerman, Papadouka, Konty, Zucker, Rosen.
Statistical analysis: Farnham, Papadouka, Konty.
Obtained funding: Zimmerman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Farnham, Papadouka, Zucker, Nattanmai, Jose.
Study supervision: Zucker, Rosen.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported in part by cooperative agreement 5U50CK000199 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Additional Contributions: We thank Mekete Asfaw, AAS, Vanessa Collado, Antonine Jean, BA, Mohammed Mannan, MBBS, Francis Megafu, MPA, Grace Reyes, and Gamal Sihly, MBCHB, of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene for conducting case investigations as part of routine surveillance. No additional compensation was received for their contributions.