Accepted for Publication: January 10, 2015.
Published Online: April 13, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.138.
Study concept and design: Gausche-Hill, Ely, Schmuhl, Remick, Edgerton, Olson.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Ely, Schmuhl, Telford, Remick, Edgerton, Olson.
Drafting of the manuscript: Gausche-Hill, Ely, Telford, Remick, Olson.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Ely, Schmuhl, Telford, Remick, Edgerton, Olson.
Statistical analysis: Telford.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ely, Schmuhl, Remick, Edgerton, Olson.
Study supervision: Gausche-Hill, Remick, Edgerton, Olson.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This project is supported by grant U03MC00008 for Emergency Medical Service (EMS) for Children network development and by grant U07MC09174 for EMS for Children National Resource Center from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The National EMS for Children Data Analysis Resource Center and the federal EMS for Children program were responsible for the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: This information or content and conclusions are those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by, the HRSA, the HHS, or the US government.
Previous Presentations: Preliminary results of this project were presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association; November 6, 2013; Boston, Massachusetts. Final results were presented at the Western Meeting of the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM); March 15, 2014; Irvine, California; and the Annual Meeting of SAEM; May 15, 2014; Dallas, Texas.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge the expertise of the National Pediatric Readiness Steering Committee with representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Emergency Physicians, and the Emergency Nurses Association, which coauthored the 2009 guidelines for care of children in emergency departments; and the state and territory EMS for Children program managers, whose local outreach and awareness efforts greatly enhanced response to the national assessment.
Correction: This article was corrected on June 25, 2015, to fix an incorrect word in the Discussion section.