Accepted for Publication: February 1, 2015.
Published Online: April 6, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0277.
Study concept and design: Lyu, Ye.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lyu, Ye, Warre, Dunn.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Lyu, Shah, Warre, Piedboeuf, Deshpandey, Dunn, Lee.
Statistical analysis: Shah, Ye.
Obtained funding: Lyu, Lee.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Lee.
Study supervision: Shah, Lee.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Organizational support was provided by the Canadian Neonatal Network Coordinating Centre, which is based at the Maternal-Infant Care Research Centre (MiCare) at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. MiCare is supported by grant funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and in-kind support from Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario. Dr Lyu was supported by grant 2012A003034000017 from the Beijing Outstanding Talents Oversea Training Project. Dr Shah holds an applied research chair in Reproductive and Child Health Services and Policy Research awarded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Group Information: The members of the Canadian Neonatal Network are Prakesh S. Shah, MD, MSc (director), Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario; Adele Harrison, MD, MBChB, Victoria General Hospital, Victoria, British Columbia; Anne Synnes, MDCM, MHSC, British Columbia Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia; Todd Sokoran, MD, Royal Columbian Hospital, New Westminster, British Columbia and Surrey Memorial Hospital, Surrey, British Columbia; Wendy Yee, MD, Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta; Khalid Aziz, MBBS, MA, MEd, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta; Zarin Kalapesi, MD, Regina General Hospital, Regina, Saskatchewan; Koravangattu Sankaran, MD, MBBS, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; Mary Seshia, MBChB, Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba; Ruben Alvaro, MD, St Boniface General Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba; Sandesh Shivananda, MBBS, MD, DM, Hamilton Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, Ontario; Orlando Da Silva, MD, MSc, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario; Chuks Nwaesei, MD, Windsor Regional Hospital, Windsor, Ontario; Kyong-Soon Lee, MD, MSc, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario; Michael Dunn, MD, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario; Nicole Rouvinez-Bouali, MD, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario and Ottawa General Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario; Kimberly Dow, MD, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario; Ermelinda Pelausa, MD, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec; Keith Barrington, MBChB, Hôpital Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Québec; Christine Drolet, MD, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, Sainte Foy Québec; Patricia Riley, MD, MDCM, BSc, Montréal Children’s Hospital, Montréal, Québec and Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal, Québec; Valerie Bertelle, MD, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec; Rody Canning, MD, Moncton Hospital, Moncton, New Brunswick; Barbara Bulleid, MD, Dr Everett Chalmers Hospital, Fredericton, New Brunswick; Cecil Ojah, MBBS, and Luis Monterrosa, MD, Saint John Regional Hospital, Saint John, New Brunswick; Akhil Deshpandey, MD, MBBS, Janeway Children’s Health and Rehabilitation Centre, St John’s, Newfoundland; Jehier Afifi, MB BCh, MSc, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Andrzej Kajetanowicz, MD, Cape Breton Regional Hospital, Sydney, Nova Scotia; Shoo K. Lee, MBBS, PhD (chairman), Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.
Additional Contributions: We thank the data abstractors of the Canadian Neonatal Network and staff of the Canadian Neonatal Network Coordinating Centre for providing organizational support to the Canadian Neonatal Network. As employees of MiCare; Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario; or their respective hospitals, all these individuals received salaried compensation for their assistance.