Accepted for Publication: December 2, 2014.
Published Online: March 16, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3566.
Study concept and design: Kaempf, Zupancic.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Kaempf, Wang, Grunkemeier.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kaempf, Wang, Grunkemeier.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kaempf, Zupancic.
Statistical analysis: Kaempf, Wang, Grunkemeier.
Obtained funding: Kaempf.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Kaempf.
Study supervision: Kaempf.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This investigation was supported by the Providence Health and Services Foundation and Northwest Newborn Specialists PC.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The VON played no role in the design, analysis, interpretation, or reporting of this research. The views, conclusions, and opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not represent those of the VON.
Additional Contributions: This research was conducted in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams from the following institutions in the United States that participated in the POD group of the VON NICQ Quality Improvement Collaborative: Children’s Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Children’s Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota, St Paul; Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital, Grand Rapids, Michigan; Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, Palo Alto, California; Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, Ohio; Children’s Hospital at Providence Alaska, Anchorage; Providence St. Vincent Medical Center, Portland, Oregon; and Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, New Jersey. We thank all our colleagues in the entire POD group.