Accepted for Publication: September 16, 2014.
Published Online: December 22, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2616.
Study concept and design: Cheng, Brown, Duff, Davidson, Overly, Tofil, Bhanji, Adler, Sudikoff, Hunt, Kessler, Wong, Lin, Doan, Nadkarni.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Cheng, Brown, Duff, Davidson, Overly, Tofil, Peterson, White, Bank, Gottesman, Adler, Zhong, V. Grant, D. J. Grant, Marohn, Charnovich, Hunt, Kessler, Wong, Robertson, Lin, Duval-Arnould, Nadkarni.
Drafting of the manuscript: Cheng, Brown, Duff, Overly, Kessler, Wong, Robertson, Lin, Doan, Nadkarni.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Cheng, Brown, Duff, Davidson, Overly, Tofil, Peterson, White, Bhanji, Bank, Gottesman, Adler, Zhong, V. Grant, D. J. Grant, Sudikoff, Marohn, Charnovich, Hunt, Kessler, Wong, Lin, Doan, Duval-Arnould, Nadkarni.
Statistical analysis: Hunt, Wong, Lin, Doan.
Obtained funding: Cheng, Gottesman, V. Grant, Hunt.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Brown, Davidson, Overly, Tofil, Peterson, Bhanji, Bank, Gottesman, Adler, V. Grant, D. J. Grant, Sudikoff, Marohn, Charnovich, Robertson, Duval-Arnould.
Study supervision: Cheng, Brown, Davidson, Peterson, Bank, Gottesman, Zhong, D. J. Grant, Hunt, Kessler.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Tofil reported speaking at the fall 2013 Laerdal Corporation conference (she used her own created materials and did not receive a speaker stipend but was reimbursed for travel). Dr Nadkarni reported receiving support as the endowed chair, Critical Care Medicine, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and from the following research grants: R03HS021583 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, a Nihon Kohden America research grant, U01HL107681 from the National Institutes of Health, 5R01HL058669-10 from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and R01HL114484 and 1U01HL094345-01 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by a research grant from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Research. Laerdal Corporation donated CPRcards and loaned each recruitment site a SimJunior manikin for use in the study. Data collection for one site (Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons) was supported by grant UL1 TR000040 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, formerly grant UL1 RR024156 from the National Center for Research Resources.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The research grant funds from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Research were used for the design and conduct of the study, as well as the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of data. No funds were received from Laerdal Corporation for conducting this research. Other funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Group Information: The International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research, & Education (INSPIRE) CPR Investigators were Aaron Donoghue, MD, MSCE, Robert M. Sutton, MD, MSCE, and Dana Niles, MS, DPhil, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Shannon D. Scott, PhD, University of Alberta, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Jenny Chatfield, RN, Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; and Nnenna Chime, MD, MPH, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, New York.
Additional Contributions: The following individuals assisted with data collection: Traci Robinson, RN, Elaine Gilfoyle, MD, MEd, Deanna Koot, RN, MN, Wendy Bissett, RN, Helen Catena, RN, and Kevin Murray, KidSIM-ASPIRE Simulation Research Program, Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Amber Q. Youngblood, BSN, RN, and J. Lynn Zinkan, RN, MPH, Children’s of Alabama, Birmingham; Keven Cabrera, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; Max G. Dannecker, Lifespan Medical Simulation Center, Providence, Rhode Island; Laura McKenzie, RN, Stollery Children’s Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Jean Francois Trudel, RRT, Montreal Children’s Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Linda Crelinsten, RN, MA, The Arnold and Blema Steinberg McGill Medical Simulation Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Laura Clifford, BSc, Alice Parham, Caroline Box, RGN, RSCN, BSC(Hons), Paul Sampson, BSc, MBChB, Tom Jerrom, Darshana Bhattacharjee, Annie Noble, RN, BSc, Cert Ed FHEA, Rob Kozlowski, BSc(Hons), and Sarah Sibley, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, England; Bonnie Mobley, BSN, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Michele Trinka, MSN, RN, CCRN, PCCN, Dayna Downing, MBA, Roxana Ploski, BS, Kay Martin, BSRC, RRT-NPS, Gail Dutcher, RRT-NPS, AE-C, Michael Williams, BSN, RN, and Marcus Brown, BS, NREMT, Children’s Medical Center of Dallas, Dallas, Texas. No compensation was received by those cited above for their contributions to the study.