Accepted for Publication: August 28, 2014.
Published Online: December 1, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2374.
Study concept and design: Kendrick, Reading, Coupland, Watson.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kendrick, Maula, Hindmarch, Watson.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Kendrick, Maula, Coupland.
Obtained funding: Kendrick, Reading, Coupland, Watson.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hindmarch, Deave.
Study supervision: Kendrick, Reading, Watson.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This article presents independent research funded by grant RP-PG-0407-10231 from the National Institute for Health Research through its Program Grants for the Applied Research Program.
Role of the Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, the National Institute for Health Research, or the Department of Health.
Additional Contributions: We thank the parents who participated in the study. We also thank the principal investigators, liaison health visitors, research nurses, and other staff from the emergency departments and minor injury units who assisted with recruiting participants from the Nottingham University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Derby Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, James Paget University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, University Hospitals Bristol National Health Service Foundation Trust, North Bristol Healthcare Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, Gateshead National Health Service Foundation Trust, and Northumbria Healthcare National Health Service Foundation Trust. We acknowledge the support provided for recruitment by the primary care research networks for East Midlands and South Yorkshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and Rutland, East of England, Northern and Yorkshire and from South West and Trent, Norfolk & Suffolk, and Northumberland Tyne and Wear and Western Comprehensive Local Research Networks. We thank Joanne Ablewhite, PhD, Penny Benford, PhD, Clare Timblin, BA, Philip Miller, PhD, Jane Stewart, MA, Persephone Wynn, PhD, and Ben Young, MSc, University of Nottingham; Gosia Majsak-Newman, MSc, Lisa McDaid, MSc, Clare Ferns, and Nathalie Horncastle, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust; Trudy Goodenough, PhD, Pilar Munoz, and Benita Laird-Hopkins, BSc, University of the West of England; Adrian Hawkins, BSc, Emma Davison, BA, and Laura Simms, BA, Great North Children’s Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne; and Bryony Kay, BSc, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, who helped with recruitment, and data collection, prepared data for analysis, or commented on drafts of papers. We acknowledge the following principal investigators who contributed to obtaining funding, study design, project management in their centers, interpretation of analyses, and comments on paper drafts: Elizabeth Towner, PhD, University of the West of England, Elaine McColl, PhD, Newcastle University, Alex J. Sutton, PhD, and Nicola Cooper, PhD, University of Leicester, and Frank Coffey, MMedSci, Nottingham University Hospitals National Health Service Trust. All previously listed individuals received salaries for their contribution as this was part of their work. We are also grateful to Rose Clacy, lay research adviser, who attended project management meetings, helped draft and pilot study documentation, advised on recruitment strategies, and commented on drafts of the paper. Ms Clacy did not receive a salary but did receive payment for her time and expenses.