Accepted for Publication: June 19, 2014.
Published Online: October 6, 2014. doi10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1397.
Study concept and design: Spanier, Kahn, Hornung, Xu, Lanphear.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Spanier, Kunselman, Schaefer.
Drafting of the manuscript: Spanier, Hornung, Xu, Calafat, Lanphear.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kahn, Kunselman, Schaefer, Lanphear.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: Calafat, Lanphear.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by Flight Attendant Medical Research Foundation Young Clinical Scientist Award 1K23ES016304, PO1ES11261, and 5R01ES014575-02 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Additional Contributions: Xiaoyun Ye, MS, Amber Bishop, Xiaoliu Zhou, Ryan Hennings, Tao Jia, and Pam G. Olive (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) provided technical assistance. John T. Bernert, PhD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), measured the urinary bisphenol A and creatinine concentrations and the serum cotinine concentrations.