We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
The Pediatric Forum |

In Reply

Murray A. Straus, PhD; David B. Sugarman, PhD; Jean Giles-Sims, PhD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152(3):306-309. doi:.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


In reply

Our reply will first deal with the specific comments in each of the 3 letters separately and then conclude with comments on more general issues.

Straus  MAMouradian  VE Impulsiveness in corporal punishment by mother's and child's behavior problems. Behav Sci Law. In press
Larzelere  RE A review of the outcomes of parental use of nonabusive or customary physical punishment. Pediatrics. 1996;98824- 831
Straus  MAHill  KA Corporal punishment, child-to-parent bonding, and delinquency.  Paper presented at: 5th International Family Violence Research Conference July 1, 1997 Durham, NH
Tsang  R Social Stress, Social Learning, and Anger as Risk Factors for Corporal Punishment.  Durham, NH Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire1995;
Simons  RJohnson  CConger  R Harsh corporal punishment versus quality of parental involvement as an explanation of adolescent maladjustment. J Marriage Fam. 1994;56591- 607
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2307/352870]]
Straus  MA Beating the Devil Out of Them: Corporal Punishment in American Families.  San Francisco, Calif Jossey-Bass/Lexington Books1994;
Sears  RRMaccoby  ECLevin  H Patterns of Child Rearing.  Evanston, Ill Row, Peterson & Co1957;
Coopersmith  S The Antecedents of Self-Esteem.  San Francisco, Calif WH Freeman & Co1967;
Sather  P Side Effects of Parental Punishment of Toddlers [dissertation].  La Mirada, Calif Biola University1992;
Rose  G Sick individuals and sick populations. Int J Epidemiol. 1985;1432- 38
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1093/ije/14.1.32]]
Rosenthal  R Meta-Analytic Procedures for Social Research.  Newbury Park, Calif Sage1984;
Watson  W The Relationship Between Child Abuse and Childhood Exposure to Family Violence as Mediated by Self-Esteem, Hostility, Marital Conflict, Social Isolation, and Stress [dissertation].  La Mirada, Calif Biola University1985;
Gunnoe  MLMariner  CL Toward a developmental-contextual model of the effects of parental spanking on children's aggression. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151768- 775
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170450018003]]
Smith  JRBrooks-Gunn  J Correlates and consequences of harsh discipline for young children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997;151777- 786
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170450027004]]
Fower  TGChapieski  ML Childrearing and impulse control in toddlers: a naturalistic investigation. Dev Psychol. 1986;22271- 275
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1037/0012-1649.22.2.271]]
Parke  RDCollmer  CW Child abuse: an interdisciplinary analysis. Hetherington  Med.Review of Child Development Research. Chicago, Ill University of Chicago Press1975;5509- 590
Stattin  HJanson  HKlackenberg-Larsson  IMagnusson  D Corporal punishment in everyday life: an intergenerational perspective. McCord  Jed.Coercion and Punishment in Long-Term Perspectives. Cambridge, Mass Cambridge University Press1995;
Holden  GWColeman  SMSchmidt  KL Why 3-year-old children get spanked: parent and child determinants as reported by college-educated mothers. Merrill-Palmer Q. 1995;41431- 452
Vissing  YMStraus  MAGelles  RJHarrop  JW Verbal aggression by parents and psychosocial problems of children. Child Abuse Negl. 1993;15223- 238
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/0145-2134(91)90067-N]]
Strassberg  ZDodge  KAPettit  GSBates  JE Spanking in the home and children's subsequent aggression toward kindergarten peers. Dev Psychopathol. 1994;6445- 461
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1017/S0954579400006040]]
McCord  J Questioning the value of punishment. Soc Prob. 1991;38167- 179
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2307/800527]]
Sampson  RJRaudenbush  SWEarls  F Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science. 1997;277918- 924
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1126/science.277.5328.918]]
Larzelere  RE Empirically justified uses of spanking: toward a discriminating view of corporal punishment. J Psychol Theol. 1993;21142- 147
Polite  K The medium/the message: corporal punishment, an empirical critique. Pediatrics. 1996;98849- 852
Straus  MAMathur  A Social change and change in approval of corporal punishment by parents from 1968 to 1994. Frehsee  DHorn  WBussmann  K-Deds.Family Violence Against Children: A Challenge for Society. New York, NY Walter deGruyter1996;91- 105

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

1 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles

Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed
From Evidence to Recommendations

Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed
Uncertainty and Variability in Patients' Values and Preferences