We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
The Pediatric Forum |

Two Emerging Perspectives of Parental Spanking From Two 1996 Conferences

Robert E. Larzelere, PhD; Diana Baumrind, PhD; Kenneth Polite, PhD
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152(3):303-305. doi:.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The August issue of the ARCHIVES included 3 articles and the chairs' overview from a conference, "Research on Discipline," the second of 2 important national conferences in 1996 on the effects of parental spanking on children. The purpose of this letter is to place those articles in the overall context that is emerging from both conferences. The other conference was titled "Conference on the Short-term and Long-term Consequences of Corporal Punishment," cosponsored by the American Academy of Pediatrics and published in Pediatrics in October 1996. The most important new information from that conference was the first systematic review of child outcomes of nonabusive or customary physical punishment by parents.1 That review found no previous longitudinal studies that controlled for the original level of child misbehavior. Two of the 3 recent articles in the ARCHIVES are the first longitudinal studies of customary physical punishment that controlled statistically for the initial level of child misbehavior.2,3 The review by Larzelere identified 8 previously published nonlongitudinal studies that also controlled for the initial level of child misbehavior (including 4 randomized clinical trials), all of which were ignored in the recent ARCHIVES articles. All 8 of those studies found beneficial effects of nonabusive spanking in reducing subsequent noncompliance or fighting, generally when used with 2- to 6-year-olds as a backup for milder discipline responses, such as reasoning or "time out."1



Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles

Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed
From Evidence to Recommendations

Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed
Uncertainty and Variability in Patients' Values and Preferences