Accepted for Publication: April 21, 2014.
Published Online: July 21, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.895.
Study concept and design: Biondi, Mischler.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Biondi, Mischler, Jerardi, French, Evans, Lee, Chen.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Biondi, Mischler, Jerardi, Statile, Evans, Asche, Ren, Shah.
Statistical analysis: Biondi, Mischler, Asche, Ren.
Obtained funding: Biondi.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Chen.
Study supervision: Asche, Shah.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Group Information: Collaborators from the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings Network include Michael Bendel-Stenzel, MD, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Sara Horstmann, MD, Albany Medical Center, Albany, New York (now Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina); JoAnna K. Leyenaar, MD, MPH, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; Allison Markowsky, MD, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC; Michael S. Ryan, MD, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond; Melissa Schafer, MD, State University of New York Upstate, Syracuse; Midori Seppa, MD, PhD, Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford, Palo Alto, California; Samuel C. Stubblefield, MD, Nemours/A.I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware; Kelly Wood, MD, University of Iowa Children’s Hospital, Iowa City; Anne Vanden Belt, MD, St Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Disclaimer: The authors have not published substantially similar papers from this study, although some of the pilot data regarding epidemiology were published last year. The data on time to positivity, the focus of this article, have not been previously published. Dr Shah is the JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge Section Editor but was not involved in the review process or the acceptance of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank Francis Gilgiotti, MD (Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester), for his guidance in study design. No compensation was provided for his contributions.