Accepted for Publication: January 7, 2014.
Published Online: June 2, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.410.
Study concept and design: Wildeman, Leventhal, Putnam-Hornstein, Waldfogel, Lee.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Wildeman, Emanuel, Waldfogel, Lee.
Drafting of the manuscript: Wildeman, Emanuel, Waldfogel, Lee.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Emanuel.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Wildeman, Emanuel, Putnam-Hornstein, Waldfogel, Lee.
Study supervision: Wildeman, Waldfogel.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Disclaimer: The collector of the NCANDS Child Files for 2004 to 2011, the funder, the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, Cornell University, and the agents or employees of these institutions bear no responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented herein. The information and opinions expressed reflect solely the opinions of the authors.
Additional Contributions: Michael Dineen, MA, Cornell University, provided data assistance and Debra Houle, MA, Yale University, provided computing support. Neither received financial compensation.