The study suggests that years of public policy designed to reduce the burden of violence and victimization among youths is having some success.
To identify trends in children’s exposure to violence, crime, and abuse from 2003 through 2011.
Design, Setting, and Participants
Three national telephone surveys of representative samples of children and caregivers from 2003, 2008, and 2011 were compared, all obtained using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire; samples included parents of children 2 to 9 years old and youth 10 to 17 years old.
Direct and indirect experiences of violence, abuse, and victimization during the previous year.
Main Outcomes and Measures
Change in rates between 2003 and 2011 and between 2008 and 2011.
Of 50 trends in exposure examined, there were 27 significant declines and no significant increases between 2003 and 2011. Declines were particularly large for assault victimization, bullying, and sexual victimization. There were also significant declines in the perpetration of violence and property crime. For the recession period between 2008 and 2011, there were 11 significant declines and no increases for 50 specific trends examined. Dating violence declined, as did one form of sexual victimization and some forms of indirect exposure.
Conclusions and Relevance
Victimization surveys with general population samples confirm patterns seen in police data and adult surveys. Crime and violence have been declining in the child and youth population as well.