Accepted for Publication: January 8, 2014.
Published Online: March 17, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.94.
Study concept and design: Hinkley, Verbestel, Ahrens, Lissner, Moreno, Reisch, Veidebaum, De Henauw, De Bourdeaudhuij.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hinkley.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Verbestel, Ahrens, Lissner, Molnár, Moreno, Pigeot, Pohlabeln, Reisch, Russo, Veidebaum, Tornaritis, Williams, De Henauw, De Bourdeaudhuij.
Statistical analysis: Hinkley, Verbestel, Pigeot, Pohlabeln.
Obtained funding: Ahrens, Lissner, Moreno, Pigeot, Reisch, Veidebaum, De Henauw, De Bourdeaudhuij.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Verbestel, Ahrens, Lissner, Reisch, Tornaritis.
Study supervision: Ahrens, Pigeot, Pohlabeln, De Henauw, De Bourdeaudhuij.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by contract 016181 (FOOD) from the European Community within the Sixth RTD Framework Programme as part of the IDEFICS Study (http://www.idefics.eu/Idefics) and by an Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Fellowship (Dr Hinkley).
Role of the Sponsors: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Group Information: Study centers participating in the IDEFICS Consortium are as follows: Departments of Public Health and Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium; Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus; Department of Intercultural Communication and Management–DEN, Consumer Sciences, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark; National Institute for Health Development, Tervise Arengu Instituut, Tallinn, Estonia; Laboratory of Nutrition, Ageing and Cardiovascular Diseases, University Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France; Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Sensory Laboratory, Technologie-Transfer-Zentrum Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany; Institute for Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland; Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, Lancaster University, Lancaster, England; Department of Paediatrics, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; Centre for High Technology Research and Education in Biomedical Sciences, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso, Italy; Institute of Food Sciences, Unit of Epidemiology and Population Genetics, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy; Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy; Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Nutrition and Biotechnology, University Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain; and Department of Paediatrics, Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
Disclaimer: The information in this report reflects the views of the authors and is provided as is on behalf of the European Consortium of the IDEFICS Project (http://www.idefics.eu/Idefics).
Additional Contributions: We thank the participating school boards, headmasters, and communities.