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Comment & Response |

Circumcision Is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure—Reply

Brian J. Morris, DSc, PhD1; Aaron A. R. Tobian, MD, PhD2
[+] Author Affiliations
1School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
JAMA Pediatr. 2014;168(3):294. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.5110.
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In Reply Svoboda’s statements have been discredited previously.1 Since benefits of infant male circumcision (MC) vastly exceed risks,2 its persistence in diverse cultures worldwide likely reflects ritualization of a healthy practice,3 rather than it simply being “cosmetic.”

Meta-analyses and large randomized trials establishing protection against lifetime urinary tract infections, human immunodeficiency virus, human papillomavirus, herpes simplex virus 2, Mycoplasma genitalium, genital ulcer disease, penile cancer, and other conditions have led the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the World Health Organization/UNAIDS to adopt affirmative policy statements and promote the procedure.


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March 1, 2014
J. Steven Svoboda, MA, JD
1Attorneys for the Rights of the Child, Berkeley, California
JAMA Pediatr. 2014;168(3):293-294. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.5107.
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