In a previous paper by one of us,1 read before the China Medical Missionary Association in Shanghai, in February, 1923, it was remarked, in conclusion, that:
Our fundamental problem in pediatrics (in China) is the collection of statistics, both of mortality and morbidity, in infant and child life, together with the determination of the standards of health in China, and the relation to these standards of Chinese foods.
In early life health may be measured by a consideration of growth in its various manifestations; but growth varies with differences in race, geographic environment, quantity and quality of food supply and stage of civilization. All these factors will have a bearing on growth in direct proportion as their effects are apparent in the adult. It is not our intention to analyze these relations in detail, nor is it possible to do so in China at present; but it is important