Accepted for Publication: January 10, 2013.
Published Online: July 15, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.200.
Acquisition of data: Hartling.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Hartling, Newton, Liang, Curtis.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hartling, Newton, Klassen, Curtis.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Liang, Jou, Hewson, Curtis.
Statistical analysis: Liang.
Obtained funding: Hartling.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Hartling, Jou, Hewson.
Study supervision: Hartling, Newton, Klassen, Curtis.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Hartling and Newton are supported by New Investigator Salary Awards from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
Funding/Support: This trial was supported by a grant from the Women and Children’s Health Research Institute in Edmonton, Canada.
Additional Contributions: We thank the research coordinators in the emergency department, Erin Logue, RN, MN, and Joyce Chikuma, for their assistance implementing the study protocol, recruiting patients, and managing data. We thank the research assistants who also assisted with patient recruitment and data collection including Chris Bon and Lysiane Knox. We thank Liza Bialy, MPH, and Annabritt Chisholm at the Alberta Research Center for Health Evidence for research support (database development, data entry, and video management). We thank Kyra Klein, BA, and Hansen Zhou, BA, for performing the behavioral distress assessments.