Accepted for Publication: April 4, 2013.
Published Online: May 20, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2534.
Study concept and design: Azad, Kuddus, Younes, Nahar, Skordis-Worrall, Prost, Costello, Houweling.
Acquisition of data: Fottrell, Azad, Shaha, Aumon, Beard, Skordis-Worrall, Costello, Houweling.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Fottrell, Azad, Kuddus, Younes, Shaha, Nahar, Hossen, Hossain, Pulkki-Brannstrom, Skordis-Worrall, Prost, Costello, Houweling.
Drafting of the manuscript: Fottrell, Aumon, Hossen, Pulkki-Brannstrom, Skordis-Worrall, Houweling.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Fottrell, Azad, Kuddus, Younes, Shaha, Beard, Hossain, Pulkki-Brannstrom, Skordis-Worrall, Prost, Costello, Houweling.
Statistical analysis: Fottrell, Hossen, and Skordis-Worrall.
Obtained funding: Azad Costello.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Fottrell, Azad, Kuddus, Younes, Nahar, Aumon, Beard, Hossain, Prost, Costello, Houweling.
Study supervision: Fottrell, Azad, Shaha, Skordis-Worrall, Costello, Houweling.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The implementation and evaluation of the women’s groups was funded by a Big Lottery Fund International Strategic Grant. This study was supported with funds from a Wellcome Trust Strategic Award (085417ma /Z/08/Z).
Role of the Sponsor: The sponsors did not participate in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank the many women and their families who took part in this study. We thank the members of the technical advisory committee (Meg Braddock, Andrew Copas, David Osrin, Sarwar Ali, Ramesh Sharan, Azad Khan, Snehil Kumar, and Nazmun Nahar) and the data safety monitoring board (Sam Richmond, Shams El Arifeen, and Mohammed Shahidullah). We also thank Ros Davies and colleagues at Women and Children First UK, who contributed to the implementation of the women’s group interventions in Bangladesh. We also thank the Diabetic Association of Bangladesh and its director, Azad Khan, for support given throughout this project. Particular thanks and dedication to Dr Sam Richmond, chair of the data safety monitoring board, who passed away shortly after the trial ended. His technical advice, guidance, and friendship were invaluable