For many headaches, rest and/or pain medication may help. Rest may include lying down or other quiet activity. Pain medications often include acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. If headaches happen frequently, other medications and treatments may be considered to help the headaches. There are 2 general types of medicines for headaches: acute or abortive medications are meant to stop a headache that is happening right now. Prophylactic medications are meant to reduce future headaches, either in how often they happen or in how severe the headache is. Prophylactic treatments include antiepileptic medicines that are often used to control seizures, antidepressants, and blood pressure medications. There are also complementary medicine approaches to treating headaches; these include chiropractic care, massage, acupuncture, relaxation training, and biofeedback training. A study in this month's JAMA Pediatrics issue reviewed the effectiveness of medications that are commonly used for children's headaches. Keeping a headache diary can help you and your doctor determine how well the medications are working. When choosing any headache treatment for your child, your doctor can work with you to consider effectiveness, safety, and costs.