Accepted for Publication: April 24, 2012.
Published Online: September 17, 2012. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1181
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Bowen, Luby, Tobery, and Hoekstra. Acquisition of data: Agboatwalla. Analysis and interpretation of data: Bowen, Luby, Ayers, and Hoekstra. Drafting of the manuscript: Bowen. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bowen, Agboatwalla, Luby, Tobery, Ayers, and Hoekstra. Statistical analysis: Bowen, Luby, Ayers, and Hoekstra. Obtained funding: Bowen and Tobery. Administrative, technical, and material support: Bowen, Agboatwalla, Luby, and Tobery. Study supervision: Bowen and Agboatwalla.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Procter & Gamble Company maintain a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA). Most of the funding for this study was obtained from Procter & Gamble Company via this CRADA, whereas the balance of funds was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr Bowen is a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention employee whose salary is partially funded through the CRADA. Dr Luby is a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention employee whose salary was partially funded through the CRADA until 2004. Timothy Tobery was an employee of Procter & Gamble Company from 2007 to 2009 and is currently an employee of Unilever. Both Procter & Gamble Company and Unilever manufacture soap.
Funding/Support: Most of the study funds were provided by the Procter & Gamble Company. The balance of the study funds was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Role of the Sponsor: The funder participated in the design of the study.
Disclaimer: The funder did not participate in the collection, analysis, or interpretation of data and did not prepare or have approval rights over the publication. The findings and conclusions of this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Online-Only Material: This article is featured in the Archives Journal Club. Go here to download teaching PowerPoint slides.
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge the HOPE staff members who worked in the community; Maria Tariq, MBBS, who oversaw daily study activities; Sohail Hussain, MS, and Aleya Nizam, BS, who supervised data management; and Jennifer Jaeger, MD, for training field staff.