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This Month in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine |

This Month in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine FREE

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(9):794. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.549.
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MEDICAL AND NONMEDICAL USE OF PRESCRIPTION OPIOIDS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS IN THE UNITED STATES

An estimated 17.6% of high school seniors reported lifetime medical use of prescription opioids, while 12.9% reported nonmedical use of prescription opioids, according to McCabe et alArticle.

EXTRAMEDICAL USE OF PRESCRIPTION PAIN RELIEVERS BY YOUTH AGED 12 TO 21 YEARS IN THE UNITED STATES

To identify when youth are most likely to start using prescription pain relievers to get high or for other unapproved indications, Meier et alArticle performed a meta-analysis of large nationally representative samples of US youth. The estimated peak risk for starting extramedical use of prescription pain relievers occurred in midadolescence.

INTERNET ALCOHOL SALES TO MINORS

Williams and RibislArticle evaluated the ability of 8 individuals younger than 21 years to order alcohol through the Internet and receive them via delivery. Of the 100 orders placed, 45% were successfully received.

EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD MALTREATMENT ON VIOLENT INJURIES AND PREMATURE DEATH DURING YOUNG ADULTHOOD AMONG URBAN HIGH-RISK MEN

Lee and WhiteArticle found that young men who experienced childhood maltreatment, compared with their counterparts who had not, had a greater risk for violent injuries and death during young adulthood.

PREVENTING OBESITY AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS: ONE-YEAR OUTCOMES OF THE NUTRITION AND ENJOYABLE ACTIVITY FOR TEEN GIRLS (NEAT GIRLS) CLUSTER RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Lubans et alArticle evaluated the impact of a 12-month multicomponent school-based obesity prevention program among 357 adolescent girls. The intervention did not significantly reduce body mass index gain.

TEEN SEXTING AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SEXUAL BEHAVIORS

Temple et alArticle found that 28% of surveyed high school students reported having sent a naked picture of themselves through text or e-mail (sext).

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EVIDENCE-BASED STANDARDIZED PROTOCOLS IN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS WITH CHILDHOOD ASTHMA OUTCOMES: A CANADIAN POPULATION-BASED STUDY

In a population-based cohort study by Li et alArticle of 31 138 children with asthma treated in 146 emergency departments, evidence-based standardized protocols were not associated with hospitalizations, return visits, or follow-up.

EFFECT OF MICRONUTRIENT SPRINKLES ON REDUCING ANEMIA

Jack et alArticle evaluated the effectiveness of micronutrient Sprinkles alongside infant and young child feeding education compared with education alone on anemia, deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, and zinc, and growth in Cambodian infants. Anemia prevalence was reduced in the intervention arm compared with the control arm by 20.6% at 12 months.

DETERMINATION OF TOBACCO SMOKE EXPOSURE BY PLASMA COTININE LEVELS IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN ATTENDING URBAN PUBLIC HOSPITAL CLINICS

In a city with a low smoking rate (12%) and public smoking bans, Dempsey et alArticle documented 55% exposure among infants and young children, using a plasma biomarker, compared with 13% exposure reported by parents.

USE OF DIAGNOSTIC TESTS IN ADOLESCENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

Guideline-recommended diagnostic tests were equally poorly used for adolescents with essential hypertension, Yoon et alArticle found.

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