Accepted for Publication: February 15, 2012.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Cheong, Hunt, Doyle, Inder, and Jacobs. Acquisition of data: Jacobs. Analysis and interpretation of data: Cheong, Coleman, Hunt, Lee, Doyle, Inder, and Jacobs. Drafting of the manuscript: Cheong, Hunt, Inder, and Jacobs. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Cheong, Coleman, Hunt, Lee, Doyle, Inder, and Jacobs. Statistical analysis: Hunt and Lee. Obtained funding: Doyle, Inder, and Jacobs. Administrative, technical, and material support: Coleman. Study supervision: Hunt and Jacobs.
Members of the ICE Collaboration:ICE Steering Committee: S. E. Jacobs, C. J. Morley, T. E. Inder, M. J Stewart, and L. W. Doyle. Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia: S. E. Jacobs, C. J. Morley, and L. W. Doyle. Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne: M. Stewart. Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne: D. Casalaz and G. Opie. John Hunter Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia: I. M. R. Wright. Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia; H. Jeffrey. Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Australia: M. Kluckow. Liverpool Hospital, Sydney: J. Stack. Royal Hospital for Women, Sydney: J. L. Oei and K. Lui. Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia: M. Rochefort and W. Tarnow-Mordi. The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead: N. Badawi. New South Wales Neonatal and Paediatric Emergency Transport Service, Westmead: A. Berry. King Edward and Princess Margaret Hospitals, Subiaco, Australia: J. Sokol and S. Rao. Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia: B. Headley and R. Haslam. Canberra Hospital, Garran, Australia: Z. Kecskes. Mater Mother's Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia: L. Cooke. Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Australia; P. Colditz. Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Australia: T. DePaoli. Christchurch Women's Hospital, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand: N. Austin and B. A. Darlow. Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand: P. Weston. Dunedin Hospital, Otago, New Zealand: R. Broadbent. Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: H. Whyte and P. J. McNamara. McMaster Medical Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada: H. M. Kirpalani. Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada: A. Solimano. Sparrow Hospital, Lansing, Michigan: P. Karna. St Louis Children's Hospital, St Louis, Missouri: A. Mathur and T. E. Inder. Barbara Bush Children's Hospital, Portland, Maine: D. Sobel. St Luke's Hospital, Cedar Rapids, Iowa: D. Rosenblum. University of Kentucky, Lexington: N. Desai. Vermont Children's Hospital, Burlington: K. Schroeter.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: The study was supported by project grant 216725 from the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council and by the Royal Women's Hospital Foundation.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: Michael Ditchfield, MBBS, assisted in MRI qualitative scoring.