The impetus for this study of bronchial glands came from what seems to be the growing opinion that chronic adenitis of the bronchial glands is always tuberculous. This opinion may have arisen from the specialist in tuberculosis or from those examining sick children for possible tuberculosis, for by such is an examination of these glands usually made.
In order to determine the frequency of chronic adenitis of the bronchial glands in infancy and childhood, the reliability of the signs, and the possible pathology of the gland, I have examined, during the past year, all cases coming under my care, no matter for what reason. This series of cases came from three sources: from the Infants' Hospital, from a large school and from private practice. At the Infants' Hospital the patients were infants under 2 years, admitted for non-contagious medical diseases including nutritional disturbances. This gave over three hundred cases. The