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THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR THE ARTIFICIAL FEEDING OF INFANTS

JOHN HOWLAND, M.D.
Am J Dis Child. 1913;V(5):390-414. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1913.04100290049006.
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ABSTRACT

The inability of many women to nurse their infants is usually regarded as an evil of modern growth and development. This is probably not the case, if one may judge from occasional references to the subject in the Bible, in the writings of Tacitus and elsewhere. But any particular mention in old literature of children is almost lacking, and they were not apparently matters of much concern to people in general until the few last centuries. The references to children before that time are almost entirely of a sentimental nature or by some moralist urging reform and regeneration, and inveighing against the wickedness of modern days. While we are informed that many mothers did not nurse their children, we cannot learn from the general diatribes whether it was because they could not or would not do so.

But whatever the reason why a woman did not nurse her infant, two

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