TREATMENT edema which accompanies chronic disease of the kidney in children and management of the child during the edematous phase constitute one of the most trying problems in pediatrics. Before we begin a discussion of the treatment of edema of chronic nephritis and nephrosis in children, some remarks regarding classification of diseases of the kidney in children are in order.
The classification which we now use is essentially that first described by Aldrich1 in 1930 and further explained by him in 1931.2 Thus, there are the three larger groups: (1) acute postinfectious (glomerular) nephritis; (2) chronic nonspecific (glomerular) nephritis, and (3) nephrosis. This paper is not concerned with acute nephritis, as the control of edema in that condition seldom presents any difficulty. The existence of nephrosis as a clinical entity is usually not admitted by those internists and pathologists who deal exclusively with adults. It is often considered