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Am J Dis Child. 1950;79(1):99-104. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1950.04040010109012.
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It is the purpose of this paper to report a case of anemia resembling familial erythroblastic anemia (Cooley's anemia; Mediterranean disease) in an American Indian infant. It is of especial interest because it is believed to be the first case of the condition reported in a person of this race and also because of the extremely early age at which the condition became apparent.

First, however, there may be merit in pointing out the fact that it is increasingly evident that cases of familial erythroblastic anemia are overlooked because the attending physician fails to keep it in mind except when treating descendants of persons of the Mediterranean races.

distribution  It is true that the disease is found largely in those peoples bordering the Mediterranean and their descendents, especially in the Greeks and Sicilians of the northern shores.1 Those Italians showing the abnormality are stated to be largely of Greek


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