We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Other Articles |

APLASTIC ANEMIAS IN CHILDHOOD Report of a Primary Idiopathic Refractory Type, with Splenectomy, in an Eleven Year Old Girl

Am J Dis Child. 1949;78(4):516-536. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1949.02030050531004.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


PRIMARY idiopathic aplastic anemia is manifested by a profound anemia associated with leukopenia, neutropenia and thrombopenia and later by hemorrhagic tendencies and hypocellular bone marrow. It is an acquired disease of unknown cause occurring infrequently in childhood. In contrast to this type of the disease is a similar clinical entity due to a known etiologic agent and termed symptomatic or secondary aplastic anemia.

Ehrlich1 in 1888 first described the occurrence of the condition under discussion and termed it aplastic anemia. Frank2 in 1915 called the condition aleukia haemorrhagica. More recently Rhoads and Miller,3 working on the effect of intensive therapy with liver extract, noted that certain cases of primary idiopathic aplastic anemia failed to respond to this treatment, and they added the term refractory anemias to apply to these instances. Thus, from Ehrlich to Rhoads, the correct term for this disease probably is primary idiopathic refractory aplastic


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.