In this booklet the Day Care Unit which provides group care for children under 6 years of age is described. The report is released by the Child Welfare League of America to depict the beneficial effect of a licensing service for nursery schools. "The Day Care Unit" whose activities are reported in the pamphlet was organized in 1943 and operated in the New York City Department of Health. A survey was made of the existing facilities for day care of young children throughout the city. All types of facilities were encountered, ranging from convenient quarters with excellent programs to damp cellars encouraging neglect and even abuse of children.
Though the Municipal Sanitary Code has included laws that applied to centers giving group care to young children since 1895, little attention was given to factors other than fire protection, building standards and sanitation. The rapid increase in this type of institution