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Am J Dis Child. 1947;74(1):45-51. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1947.02030010052005.
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IT HAS long been known that various infections may attack the pancreas, especially if neighboring organs are first affected, but hematogenous involvements also occur. Acute and chronic inflammations of this organ were registered during and after a number of diseases, such as typhoid,1 spirochetal jaundice,2 scarlet fever and diphtheria,3 malaria,4 pneumonia5 and influenza.6 It is, however, together with epidemic parotitis that—according to the astonishingly few investigations into this problem—such a condition seems to be most frequent. Involvement of the pancreas was seen in 85 out of 652 cases by Simonin,7 in 5 out of 33 by Edgecombe8 and in 9 of 40 by Sharp.9 In spite of the complication's being mentioned in every textbook of pediatrics, the cases diagnosed throughout the world are few and the number published of those thoroughly examined remains well under 100. Yet the inflammation, once it


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