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SYNDROMES OF KEROSENE POISONING IN CHILDREN

MATTHEW M. STEINER, M.D.
Am J Dis Child. 1947;74(1):32-44. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1947.02030010039004.
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VARIOUS syndromes of kerosene poisoning in children have been described in the literature with relatively few fatalities as a result of accidental ingestion of kerosene.1 In general, the clinical picture is one of acute intoxication with evidence of cerebral depression, particularly of the vagus and respiratory centers; most of these patients recover in a few days with little or no treatment. However, in a large number of children who ingest kerosene changes develop in the lungs1g; these are detected clinically or roentgenographically, and vary from slight "infiltrations" to more serious complications.2 In addition, the frequent aspiration of kerosene or kerosene-containing gastric contents plays a role not only in the development of extensive pulmonary damage but also in the production of degenerative changes in other organs.

The purpose of this clinical study is to analyze 35 cases of accidental kerosene poisoning in children from two geographic areas having

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